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NASA Technical Documents

Technical documents from NASA

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TOPIC atoz
MATHEMATICAL MODELS 1,421
COMPUTER PROGRAMS 903
ALGORITHMS 877
WIND TUNNEL TESTS 690
SYSTEMS ENGINEERING 684
COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION 661
COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS 660
CONFERENCES 638
FLOW DISTRIBUTION 568
DESIGN ANALYSIS 561
MACH NUMBER 557
NASA PROGRAMS 549
AERODYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS 498
PERFORMANCE TESTS 489
DATA ACQUISITION 467
ANGLE OF ATTACK 455
SIMULATION 451
SPACE SHUTTLES 451
MISSION PLANNING 442
NUMERICAL ANALYSIS 434
FLIGHT TESTS 419
DATA PROCESSING 413
HEAT TRANSFER 398
DATA BASES 392
REMOTE SENSING 392
FINITE ELEMENT METHOD 390
MICROGRAVITY 378
PRESSURE DISTRIBUTION 343
NAVIER-STOKES EQUATION 341
LOADS (FORCES) 328
AIRCRAFT DESIGN 322
TECHNOLOGY UTILIZATION 321
FABRICATION 319
TEMPERATURE EFFECTS 319
SPACE MISSIONS 316
REYNOLDS NUMBER 311
HIGH TEMPERATURE 307
MAGNETIC FIELDS 305
NONLINEARITY 298
REAL TIME OPERATION 298
VORTICES 298
SPACECRAFT DESIGN 292
CALIBRATING 290
OPTIMIZATION 290
SPACE EXPLORATION 290
STABILITY 287
MECHANICAL PROPERTIES 285
EDUCATION 282
SYSTEMS ANALYSIS 278
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 272
APPLICATIONS PROGRAMS (COMPUTERS) 266
CONTROL SYSTEMS DESIGN 264
AERODYNAMICS 263
SPACE STATIONS 260
TABLES (DATA) 260
HYDROGEN 257
ARCHITECTURE (COMPUTERS) 256
AERODYNAMIC CONFIGURATIONS 255
IMAGING TECHNIQUES 251
PROPULSION SYSTEM PERFORMANCE 248
SATELLITE OBSERVATION 246
STATISTICAL ANALYSIS 244
PAYLOADS 243
FLIGHT CONTROL 242
STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS 239
ERROR ANALYSIS 238
COMPUTER PROGRAMMING 237
AEROSPACE ENGINEERING 236
PERFORMANCE PREDICTION 228
PROPULSION SYSTEM CONFIGURATIONS 228
BOUNDARY CONDITIONS 227
SOFTWARE ENGINEERING 227
STRUCTURAL DESIGN 227
WATER 226
TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT 224
DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS 223
TURBULENT FLOW 223
DISPLAY DEVICES 222
OXYGEN 221
AEROSPACE ENVIRONMENTS 218
MARS SURFACE 209
PROJECT MANAGEMENT 208
COMPUTATIONAL GRIDS 206
SENSITIVITY 206
AEROSPACE MEDICINE 204
CHEMICAL REACTIONS 204
VELOCITY DISTRIBUTION 203
PATENTS 202
AIRFOILS 201
HUMAN FACTORS ENGINEERING 201
THREE DIMENSIONAL MODELS 201
NOISE REDUCTION 200
COMPOSITE MATERIALS 199
INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION 198
SHOCK WAVES 198
POSITION (LOCATION) 197
TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT 197
ATMOSPHERIC MODELS 196
COMBUSTION CHAMBERS 196
SPACE COMMERCIALIZATION 195
EQUIPMENT SPECIFICATIONS 194
TEST FACILITIES 193
FLOW VELOCITY 192
ROCKET ENGINES 192
SPECTRUM ANALYSIS 192
TIME DEPENDENCE 191
EQUATIONS OF MOTION 189
EXOBIOLOGY 189
REACTION KINETICS 189
FEEDBACK CONTROL 188
SOLAR CELLS 188
SUPERSONIC SPEED 188
THIN FILMS 188
LEADING EDGES 186
MARS (PLANET) 186
COSTS 185
WINGS 184
MODELS 183
TELEMETRY 182
GRAPHS (CHARTS) 181
LIFE SUPPORT SYSTEMS 181
AUTOMATIC CONTROL 179
CARBON DIOXIDE 179
INFORMATION SYSTEMS 179
WIND TUNNEL MODELS 179
APPROXIMATION 178
MANNED SPACE FLIGHT 178
SPACEBORNE EXPERIMENTS 178
ERRORS 177
SPACECRAFT CONTROL 177
PROBABILITY THEORY 176
TURBULENCE 176
WEIGHTLESSNESS 176
COMPUTATION 175
AEROSOLS 174
AIRCRAFT CONTROL 174
ATMOSPHERIC COMPOSITION 174
PROTOTYPES 174
SCALE MODELS 173
DATA REDUCTION 172
VIBRATION 172
LAUNCH VEHICLES 171
PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT 171
ROBOTICS 171
AIRCRAFT ENGINES 170
SUPERSONIC FLOW 170
ACTUATORS 168
APOLLO PROJECT 168
BOUNDARY LAYERS 168
DEFORMATION 168
FAILURE ANALYSIS 168
GRAVITATIONAL EFFECTS 168
AIRCRAFT PERFORMANCE 166
RELIABILITY 166
SPACECRAFT POWER SUPPLIES 166
SPACECRAFT PROPULSION 165
SPACE FLIGHT 164
DEEP SPACE NETWORK 163
CONTROLLERS 162
MONTE CARLO METHOD 162
X RAYS 162
COST REDUCTION 161
INFRARED RADIATION 161
THERMAL PROTECTION 161
COST EFFECTIVENESS 160
PREDICTION ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES 159
THREE DIMENSIONAL FLOW 159
MANUFACTURING 158
SURFACE PROPERTIES 158
COMPOSITE STRUCTURES 157
COMPUTER TECHNIQUES 157
CHEMICAL COMPOSITION 156
MEASURING INSTRUMENTS 156
PROBLEM SOLVING 155
SPACE SHUTTLE ORBITERS 155
DATA SYSTEMS 154
FAILURE 154
FLOW VISUALIZATION 154
HIGH RESOLUTION 154
OSCILLATIONS 154
PLASMAS (PHYSICS) 154
PRESSURE MEASUREMENT 154
TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTION 154
NITROGEN 153
OXIDATION 153
PREDICTIONS 153
AEROELASTICITY 152
FLIGHT SIMULATION 152
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE 151
FINITE DIFFERENCE THEORY 151
SOLAR RADIATION 151
WIND TUNNELS 151
CONTROL THEORY 150
MATRICES (MATHEMATICS) 150
CERAMICS 149
ELECTRIC POTENTIAL 149
ENGINE DESIGN 149
SILICON 149
MICROSTRUCTURE 148
RADIATION EFFECTS 148
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NASA Technical Documents
by Braverman, A. S.; Grodko, L. N.; Leykand, M. A.; Mil, M. L.; Nekrasov, A. V
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Rotor aerodynamics in relation to historical and ideal development of helicopters
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Topics: AERODYNAMICS, HELICOPTER DESIGN, HELICOPTERS, HISTORIES, ROTOR AERODYNAMICS, HELICOPTER DESIGN,...
NASA Technical Documents
by Walter, Neil A.; Scialdone, John J
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Outgassing data, derived from tests at 398 K (125 C) for 24 hours in a vacuum as per ASTM E 595-84, have been compiled for numerous materials for spacecraft use. The data presented are the total mass loss (TML) and the collected volatile condensable materials (CVCM). The various materials are compiled by likely usage and alphabetically.
Topics: AMINO ACIDS, VEGETATION GROWTH, POTATOES, SUBSTITUTES, PROTEINS, CALMODULIN
NASA Technical Documents
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AERODYNAMICS AND FLIGHT DYNAMICS OF TURBOJET AIRCRAFT
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Topics: ELECTRIC ARCS, ELECTRICAL RESISTIVITY, HIGH TEMPERATURE AIR, THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY, THERMAL PLASMAS,...
NASA Technical Documents
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In August 1997, NASA sponsored a 3-day workshop to assess the prospects emerging from physics that may eventually lead to creating propulsion breakthroughs -the kind of breakthroughs that could revolutionize space flight and enable human voyages to other star systems. Experiments and theories were discussed regarding the coupling of gravity and electromagnetism, vacuum fluctuation energy, warp drives and wormholes, and superluminal quantum tunneling. Because the propulsion goals are presumably...
Topics: TEST CHAMBERS, AERODYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS, HOT-WIRE ANEMOMETERS, FLOW DISTRIBUTION, WIND TUNNELS,...
NASA Technical Documents
by BAZOV, D. I
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PRINCIPLES OF HELICOPTER FLIGHT UNDER VARIOUS CONDITIONS ARE REVIEWED, GIVING SPECIAL ATTENTION TO THE OPERATION OF THE MAIN ROTOR. A BRIEF HISTORY OF HELICOPTER DEVELOPMENT IS PRESENTED, TOGETHER WITH A SUMMARY OF THE MAIN COMPONENTS OF A HELICOPTER AND A CLASSIFICATION OF THE VARIOUS TYPES OF HELICOPTERS. THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE MAIN ROTOR AND ITS OPERATION DURING AUTOROTATION AND DURING AXIAL AND OBLIQUE FLOW ARE CONSIDERED. ALSO CONSIDERED ARE VERTICAL AND HORIZONTAL FLIGHT, ALTITUDE...
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Topics: BALL BEARINGS, FATIGUE TESTS, LUBRICATING OILS, SERVICE LIFE, STEELS, AIRCRAFT ENGINES, HIGH...
NASA Technical Documents
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All the basic areas of anthropometry and its applications to the design of clothing, equipment, and workspaces for manned space flight are presented.
Topics: CANCER, NEOPLASMS, RADIOBIOLOGY, TUMORS, CONFERENCES, HYPERTHERMIA, RADIATION THERAPY, RADIO...
NASA Technical Documents
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The Mechanical Components Branch at NASA Glenn Research Center hosted a workshop on Tuesday, May 14, 2002, to discuss space mechanisms technology. The theme for this workshop was 'Working in the Cold,' a focus on space mechanisms that must operate at low temperatures. We define 'cold' as below -60C (210 K), such as would be found near the equator of Mars. However, we are also concerned with much colder temperatures such as in permanently dark craters of the Moon (about 40 K).
Topics: LIBRATION, MICROWAVE PROBES, SOHO MISSION, SPACECRAFT TRAJECTORIES, ORBIT DETERMINATION,...
NASA Technical Documents
by Wolverton, B. C.; Douglas, Willard L.; Bounds, Keit
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Previously, preliminary data on the ability of a group of common indoor plants to remove organic chemical from indoor air was presented. The group of plants chosen for this study was determined by joint agreement between NASA and the Associated Landscape Contractors of America. The chemicals chosen for study were benzene, trichloroethylene, and formaldehyde. The results show that plants can play a major role in removal of organic chemicals from indoor air.
Topics: ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, FUZZY SETS, FUZZY SYSTEMS, NEURAL NETS, SET THEORY, DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS,...
NASA Technical Documents
by Gorlin, S. M.; Slezinger, I. I
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Wind tunnels for measuring aerodynamic characteristics
Topics: AERODYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS, WIND TUNNELS, AERODYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS, WIND TUNNEL
NASA Technical Documents
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This handbook is intended to provide a ready reference for many of the solid and liquid lubricants used in the space industry. Lubricants and lubricant properties are arranged systematically so that designers, engineers, and maintenance personnel can conveniently locate data needed for their work. This handbook is divided into two major parts (A and B). Part A is a compilation of solid lubricant suppliers information on chemical and physical property of data of more than 250 solid lubricants,...
Topics: ARIZONA, GEOCHRONOLOGY, GEOLOGICAL FAULTS, GEOMAGNETISM, ROCK MECHANICS, TECTONICS, MAPPING,...
NASA Technical Documents
by Boulger, F. W.; Gerds, A. F.; Henning, H. J.; Strohecker, D. E
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Deformation processing of stainless steels using metal working techniques
Topics: AUSTENITE, TOOLING, DEFORMATION, METAL WORKING, STAINLESS STEEL, DEFORMATION, DIES, EXTRUDING,...
NASA Technical Documents
by Bialous, A. J.; Peters, P. H.; Stone, E. E
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Leakage testing handbook giving fundamentals, theory, methods, detector equipment, and test media
Topics: FOAMS, LIQUID COOLING, ROCKET ENGINES, COOLING SYSTEMS, PERFORMANCE TESTS, SURFACE LAYERS
NASA Technical Documents
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Cumulative listings of the R and D file data are presented. All Earth Resources Program information available at the Manned Spacecraft Center is in Vol. 1. Sensor data collected during flights over NASA test sites and from missions flown by subcontractors supporting the Earth Resources Survey Program are included in Vol. 2.
Topics: GAS DENSITY, INTERSTELLAR GAS, MILKY WAY GALAXY, ASTROPHYSICS, GALACTIC MASS, HYDROSTATICS, OORT...
NASA Technical Documents
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This NASA Conference Publication contains the proceedings of the Second NASA Aerospace Pyrotechnics Systems Workshop held at Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico, February 8-9, 1994. The papers are grouped by sessions: (1) Session 1 - Laser Initiation and Laser Systems; (2) Session 2 - Electric Initiation; (3) Session 3 - Mechanisms & Explosively Actuated Devices; (4) Session 4 - Analytical Methods and Studies; and (5) Session 5 - Miscellaneous. A sixth session, a panel...
Topics: ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY, SPECTRUM ANALYSIS, ELECTRIC ARCS, SHOCK WAVES, ARGON LASERS, TUNABLE...
NASA Technical Documents
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A conceptual design of a free piston solar Stirling engine-linear alternator which can be designed and developed to meet the requirements of a near-term solar test bed engine with minimum risks was developed. The conceptual design was calculated to have an overall system efficiency of 38% and provide 15kW electric output. The free piston engine design incorporates features such as gas bearings, close clearance seals, and gas springs. This design is hermetically sealed to provide long life,...
Topics: ANALOG TO DIGITAL CONVERTERS, DATA TRANSMISSION, MODEMS, SIGNAL PROCESSING, TELEMETRY,...
NASA Technical Documents
by Tomayko, James E
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This book examines the computer systems used in actual spaceflight or in close support of it. Each chapter deals with either a specific program, such as Gemini or Apollo onboard computers, or a closely related set of systems, such as launch processing or mission control. A glossary of computer terms is included.
Topics: BRIGHTNESS, STABILITY, TRAJECTORY ANALYSIS, QUASARS, STATISTICAL ANALYSIS, VARIABILITY, ASYMPTOTIC...
NASA Technical Documents
by Brennan, P. J.; Kroliczek, E. J
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No Abstract Available
Topics: HYDROGEN OXYGEN ENGINES, TURBOROCKET ENGINES, ORBIT TRANSFER VEHICLES, ROCKET ENGINE DESIGN,...
NASA Technical Documents
by Rauschenbach, H. S
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Twelve chapters discuss the following: historical developments, the environment and its effects, solar cells, solar cell filters and covers, solar cell and other electrical interconnections, blocking and shunt diodes, substrates and deployment mechanisms, material properties, design synthesis and optimization, design analysis, procurement, production and cost aspects, evaluation and test, orbital performance, and illustrative design examples. A comprehensive index permits rapid locating of...
Topics: DIATOMIC MOLECULES, MOLECULAR ROTATION, THREE DIMENSIONAL MODELS, ENERGY TRANSFER, MOLECULAR...
NASA Technical Documents
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SOVIET ENGINEERING HANDBOOK ON VIBRATION AND DYNAMIC STABILITY THEORY AND CALCULATIONS IN HELICOPTER DESIGN
Topics: CELLS (BIOLOGY), ELECTRORETINOGRAPHY, RETINA, CEREBRUM, COLOR VISION, GANGLIA, MORPHOLOGY,...
NASA Technical Documents
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Descriptive and analytical information useful for the optimal design, specification, and performance evaluation of deep space telecommunications systems is presented. Telemetry, tracking, and command systems, receiver design, spacecraft antennas, frequency selection, interference, and modulation techniques are addressed.
Topics: ELECTRIC POTENTIAL, FLAT PLATES, PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS, POWER CONDITIONING, CLIMATE, COMPUTERIZED...
NASA Technical Documents
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Independent Tracking Coordination Program - trigonometric tables for calculating coordinates of satellites
Topics: COORDINATES, TRACKING SYSTEM, TRIGONOMETRY, COORDINATION, MATHEMATICAL TABLES, SATELLITE TRACKING,...
NASA Technical Documents
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NASA has an interest in turbines related primarily to aeronautics and space applications. Airbreathing turbine engines provide jet and turboshaft propulsion, as well as auxiliary power for aircraft. Propellant-driven turbines provide rocket propulsion and auxiliary power for spacecraft. Closed-cycle turbine engines using inert gases, organic fluids, and metal fluids have been studied for providing long-duration electric power for spacecraft. Other applications of interest for turbine engines...
Topics: AIR FLOW, HEATING, LOW SPEED WIND TUNNELS, STRAIN GAGES, VAPORIZERS, DISRUPTING, PRESSURE GAGES,...
NASA Technical Documents
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The purpose of the Conference was to bring together world leaders in aviation safety research, aircraft design and manufacturing, fleet operation and aviation maintenance to disseminate information on current practices and advanced technologies that will assure the continued airworthiness of the aging aircraft in the military and commercial fleets. The Conference included reviews of current industry practices, assessments of future technology requirements, and status of aviation safety...
Topics: ADVANCED MICROWAVE SOUNDING UNIT, THERMAL ANALYSIS, THERMAL STABILITY, STEADY STATE, EARTH...
NASA Technical Documents
by Zverev, I. I.; Kokonin, S. S
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The experience in the design and analysis of aircraft wheels and brakes, brake systems, brake control systems, and antiskid systems is summarized. The static and fatigue strength of aircraft wheels, calculation of brake service life, brake dynamics, techniques for increasing brake energy absorption capacity, and design of the basic antiskid system elements are examined.
Topics: FLIGHT MECHANICS, ORBITAL MECHANICS, SATELLITE DESIGN, GRAVITATIONAL EFFECTS, PERTURBATION THEORY
NASA Technical Documents
by Bornemann, W. E.; Surber, T. E
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An overview of the wind tunnel program is given and aerodynamic characteristics of the final configuration are described. Aerodynamic parameters critical to definition of Orbiter entry control and performance are identified. Trim capability and stability and control characteristics are discussed at critical regions in the entry trajectory. Methods are described to define reaction control rocket effectiveness and aerodynamic interactions during the initial portion of entry. At hypersonic speeds,...
Topics: ANGLES (GEOMETRY), AXISYMMETRIC FLOW, EXTERNALLY BLOWN FLAPS, JET IMPINGEMENT, OBLIQUE WINGS,...
This first volume of the Autonomous Control Engineering (ACE) Center Press Series on NASA University Research Center's (URC's) Advanced Technologies on Space Exploration and National Service constitute a report on the research papers and presentations delivered by NASA Installations and industry and Report of the NASA's fourteen URC's held at the First National Conference in Albuquerque, New Mexico from February 16-19, 1997.
Topics: APPLICATIONS PROGRAMS (COMPUTERS), MODULES, PROGRAMMERS, WORKSTATIONS, PROTOTYPES, INTERNETS,...
NASA Technical Documents
by Krasnov, N. F
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The applications of aerodynamics particularly in rocket technology and modern high-speed aviation are studied along with the general laws of motion of a gas medium. The first six chapters of the book cover the following: basic concepts and definition of aerodynamics, kinematics of a fluid medium, equations of motion of a gas in the general case (where variations in its physico-chemical properties are considered), the theory of shock waves, the method of characteristics (very widely used in the...
Topics: DEEP SPACE NETWORK, MISSION PLANNING, MULTIPATH TRANSMISSION, OPERATIONS RESEARCH, PIONEER VENUS 2...
NASA Technical Documents
by Savin, G. N
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Stress concentration around holes and fissures including stress-strain diagrams - bibliography
Topics: DEFORMATION, METEORITES, QUARTZ, X RAY DIFFRACTION, IMPACT DAMAGE, ROCKS, SHOCK WAVES
No Abstract Available
Topics: FLUID MANAGEMENT, RETRAINING, SIMULATION, THRUST REVERSAL, VAPORS, GRAVITATIONAL EFFECTS, LIQUID...
NASA Technical Documents
by Dick, Steven J.; Strick, James E
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In the opening weeks of 1998 a news article in the British journal Nature reported that NASA was about to enter biology in a big way. A ''virtual'' Astrobiology Institute was gearing up for business, and NASA administrator Dan Goldin told his external advisory council that he would like to see spending on the new institute eventually reach 100 million per year. ''You just wait for the screaming from the physical scientists (when that happens),'' Goldin was quoted as saying. Nevertheless, by the...
Topics: CHONDRULE, COOLING, HEATING, PETROGRAPHY, NEBULAE, OLIVINE, PLAGIOCLASE, PYROXENES, METEORITIC...
NASA Technical Documents
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This bibliography lists 822 reports, articles and other documents introduced into the NASA Scientific and Technical Information System in 1988. Items are selected and grouped according to their usefulness to the manager as manager. Citations are grouped into ten subject categories: human factors and personnel issues; management theory and techniques; industrial management and manufacturing; robotics and expert systems; computers and information management; research and development; economics,...
Topics: ALGORITHMS, KALMAN FILTERS, LEAST SQUARES METHOD, NAVIGATION, POSITION ERRORS, POWER SPECTRA, RADAR...
NASA Technical Documents
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Voltage breakdown in electronic equipment at low pressures /conference/
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Topics: ALLOYING, INTERSTITIALS, TENSILE STRENGTH, HEAT RESISTANT ALLOYS, REFRACTORY METALS, BINARY...
NASA Technical Documents
by Batha, D. R.; Campbell, J. G.; Carey, M. D.; Nagy, A. R
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Cooling liquid propellant rocket engine thrust chambers - data & bibliography
Topics: ABLATION, COOLING, LIQUID PROPELLANT ROCKET ENGINES, THRUST, THRUST CHAMBERS, BIBLIOGRAPHY,...
For abstract, see N75-20149.
Topics: COMPOSITE MATERIALS, DIFFRACTION PATTERNS, DISPLACEMENT MEASUREMENT, HOLOGRAPHY, LASERS, CERAMICS,...
NASA Technical Documents
by NON
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The User's Manual is one of four manuals that constitute the documentation for NASTRAN, the other three being the Theoretical Manual, the Programmer's Manual and the Demonstration Problem Manual. Although the User's Manual contains all of the information that is directly associated with the solution of problems with NASTRAN, the user will find it desirable to refer to the other manuals for assistance in the solution of specific user problems. The Theoretical Manual gives an excellent...
Topics: ALGORITHMS, COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION, DYNAMIC RESPONSE, FINITE ELEMENT METHOD, PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL...
NASA Technical Documents
by Krein, O. E.; Samsonov, G. V.; Zelikman, A. N
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Textbook on metallurgy of rare metals
Topics: METALLURGY, METALS, PHYSIOCHEMISTRY, RARE EARTH ELEMENTS, TEXTBOOKS, METALLURGY, RARE EARTH
NASA Technical Documents
by Douglas, F. J
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Digital computer programs for analysis of large complex structures applied to NASTRAN project
Topics: EARTH IONOSPHERE, NONLINEARITY, PHASE VELOCITY, PLASMAS (PHYSICS), WAVE ATTENUATION, ELECTRIC...
NASA Technical Documents
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The mandated elimination of CFC'S, Halons, TCA, and other ozone depleting chemicals and specific hazardous materials has required changes and new developments in aerospace materials and processes. The aerospace industry has been involved for several years in providing product substitutions, redesigning entire production processes, and developing new materials that minimize or eliminate damage to the environment. These activities emphasize replacement cleaning solvents and their application,...
Topics: AMINO ACIDS, RADIOACTIVITY, CARBON 14, ETHYL COMPOUNDS, NUCLEOTIDES, ENZYME ACTIVITY, THIOLS,...
Proceedings from symposia of the Technology 2003 Conference and Exposition, December 7-9, 1993, Anaheim, CA, was discussed. Volume 1 features the Plenary Session and the Plenary Workshop, plus papers presented in Advanced Manufacturing, Biotechnology/Medical Technology, Environmental Technology, Materials Science, and Power and Energy.
Topics: CRACK TIPS, CRACKS, DEFECTS, EDDY CURRENTS, ELECTROMAGNETIC SHIELDING, FERROMAGNETIC MATERIALS,...
NASA Technical Documents
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A number of papers dealing with the practical application of imagery obtained from remote sensors on LANDSAT satellites, the Skylab Earth resources experiment package, and aircraft to problems in agriculture and the environment were presented. Some of the more important topics that were covered included: range management and resources, environmental monitoring and management, crop growth and inventory, land management, multispectral band scanners, forest management, mapping, marshlands, strip...
Topics: ANALYZING, TIME SHARING, COMPUTER GRAPHICS, ENGINE DESIGN, GAS TURBINE ENGINES, MANUFACTURING, GAS...
NASA Technical Documents
by NON
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The Aerospace Mechanisms Symposium (AMS) provides a unique forum for those active in the design, production and use of aerospace mechanisms. A major focus is reporting problems and solutions associated with the development and flight certification of new mechanisms. Organized by the Mechanisms Education Association, NASA and Lockheed Martin Space Systems Company (LMSSC) share the responsibility for hosting the AMS. Now in its 37th symposium, the AMS continues to be well attended, attracting...
Topics: FABRICATION, NONLINEARITY, STATIC TESTS, FINITE ELEMENT METHOD, MATHEMATICAL MODELS, STATISTICAL...
NASA Technical Documents
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The Scout launch vehicle program, hardware, and systems are reviewed. Scout reliability and quality assurance provisions, procurement, launch sites and facilities, and financial data are also reported.
Topics: COMPUTER PROGRAMMING, LIFE CYCLE COSTS, MISSILES, QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS, SEMANTICS, COMPUTER...
NASA Technical Documents
by Leontev, U. N.; Vlasov, V. Z
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Theory based on Vlasov general variational method to analyze beams and plates on elastic foundations
Topics: ELASTIC PROPERTIES, FOUNDATIONS, PROBLEM SOLVING, VARIATIONAL PRINCIPLES, VLASOV EQUATIONS,...
NASA Technical Documents
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This book is, in essence, sixteen years in the making. First attempted to compile a history of the Soviet space program in 1982 author put together a rough chronology of the main events. A decade later, while living on a couch in a college friend's apartment, he began writing what would be a short history of the Soviet lunar landing program. The first draft was sixty-nine pages long. Late the following year, he decided to expand the topic to handle all early Soviet piloted exploration programs....
Topics: STATISTICAL ANALYSIS, RADIATIVE TRANSFER, SOLAR RADIATION, CLOUD COVER, CLOUDS (METEOROLOGY),...
NASA Technical Documents
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Volume 2 contains data resulting from surveys of 61 military and civilian populations of both sexes from the U.S., Europe, and Asia. Some 295 measured variables are defined and illustrated.
Topics: ANTHROPOMETRY, SIZE DETERMINATION, SPACECRAFT DESIGN, SPACECRAFT ENVIRONMENTS, BODY SIZE (BIOLOGY),...
NASA Technical Documents
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At a May 1981 ''Proseminar in Space History''held at the Smithsonian Institution's National Air and Space Museum (NASM) in Washington, DC, historians came together to consider the state of the discipline of space history. It was an historic occasion. The community of scholars interested in the history of spaceflight was not large; previously, well-meaning but untrained aficionados consumed with artifacts had dominated the field, to the exclusion of the larger context. At a fundamental level,...
Topics: AIRCRAFT ICING, FLIGHT ENVELOPES, TRAINING DEVICES, FLIGHT SIMULATORS, FLIGHT TRAINING,...
Z-function solutions for motion and heating during atmosphere entry from equatorial orbits of rotating planets
Topics: ATMOSPHERIC ENTRY, MOTION, PLANET, REENTRY, Z FUNCTION, EQUATORIAL ORBITS, HEATING, MOTION,...
NASA Technical Documents
by Criswell, D. R.; Waldron, R. D.; Mckenzie, J. D
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Three different chemical processing schemes were identified for separating lunar soils into the major oxides and elements. Feedstock production for space industry; an HF acid leach process; electrorefining processes for lunar free metal and metal derived from chemical processing of lunar soils; production and use of silanes and spectrally selective materials; glass, ceramics, and electrochemistry workshops; and an econometric model of bootstrapping space industry are discussed.
Topics: BODY TEMPERATURE, COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION, HEAT STORAGE, HUMIDITY, LIFE SUPPORT SYSTEMS, RADIANT...
NASA Technical Documents
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A survey of studies into hazards associated with closed or pressurized system rupture and preliminary guidelines for the performance design of primary, secondary, and protective receptors of these hazards are provided. The hazards discussed in the survey are: blast, fragments, ground motion, heat radiation, biological, and chemical. Performance guidelines for receptors are limited to pressurized systems that contain inert gas. The performance guidelines for protection against the remaining...
Topics: GEARS, HELICOPTERS, TRANSMISSIONS (MACHINE ELEMENTS), VIBRATION, COMBAT, DATA BASES, EFFICIENCY,...
NASA Technical Documents
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This special publication contains the papers presented at the special sessions honoring Dr. Manuel Stein during the 38th AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference held in Kissimmee, Florida, Apdl 7-10, 1997. This volume, and the SDM special sessions, are dedicated to the memory of Dr. Manuel Stein, a major pioneer in structural mechanics, plate and shell buckling, and composite structures. Many of the papers presented are the work of Manny's colleagues and...
Topics: LUNAR GRAVITATION, DEEP SPACE NETWORK, LUNAR ORBITER, CLEMENTINE SPACECRAFT, DOPPLER RADAR,...
NASA Technical Documents
by KRASNOV, N. F., et al
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BASICS OF HIGH SPEED AERODYNAMIC THEORY AND CHARACTERISTICS OF GAS FLOWS FOR ROCKETS
Topics: CHEMICAL PROPULSION, LOW THRUST PROPULSION, NUCLEAR PROPULSION, PROPULSION SYSTEM PERFORMANCE,...
NASA Technical Documents
by MOROZ, V. I
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HANDBOOK ON PLANETARY PHYSICS
Topics: MARINER SPACE PROBES, PYROTECHNICS, SHOCK MEASURING INSTRUMENTS, VENUS PROBES, MARINER SPACECRAFT,...
NASA Technical Documents
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Corrosion problems associated with use of titanium fasteners to connect aluminum components
Topics: ALUMINUM, CORROSION, FASTENERS, TITANIUM, ALUMINUM, CORROSION, FASTENER, TITANIUM
NASA Technical Documents
by Oberth, H
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A theoretical analysis of the parameters involved in spacecraft design and propulsion and the successful completion of space missions is presented. Various types of rockets and their specialized application are described. The physiological effects of space flight are discussed. The requirements for fuel, specific impulse, and energy considerations are included.
Topics: BOUNDARY LAYER SEPARATION, DIFFUSERS, NONUNIFORM FLOW, SEPARATED FLOW, PRESSURE GRADIENTS, VELOCITY...
NASA Technical Documents
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The Ninth Thermal and Fluids Analysis Workshop (TFAWS 98) was held at the Ohio Aerospace Institute in Cleveland, Ohio from August 31 to September 4, 1998. The theme for the hands-on training workshop and conference was ''Integrating Computational Fluid Dynamics and Heat Transfer into the Design Process.'' Highlights of the workshop (in addition to the papers published herein) included an address by the NASA Chief Engineer, Dr. Daniel Mulville; a CFD short course by Dr. John D. Anderson of the...
Topics: GALILEO SPACECRAFT, MASS SPECTROMETERS, ENGINEERING DRAWINGS, CIRCUIT DIAGRAMS, BLUEPRINTS
NASA Technical Documents
by NON
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Nuclear and gamma radiation effects on electronic equipment
Topics: ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT, GAMMA RAYS, NUCLEAR RADIATION, RADIATION EFFECTS, ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT, GAMMA...
This publication contains the proceedings of the Ninth DOD/NASA/FAA Conference on Fibrous Composites in Structural Design held at Lake Tahoe, Nevada, during 4-7 Nov. 1991. Presentations were made in the following areas of composite structural design: perspectives in composites, design methodology, design applications, design criteria, supporting technology, damage tolerance, and manufacturing.
Topics: AMPLITUDE MODULATION, ETCHING, EXPOSURE, PIXELS, POLYMETHYL METHACRYLATE, TRANSPARENCE, COMPUTER...
Proceedings of the workshop are presented. The mission of the conference was to transfer advanced technologies developed by the Federal government, its contractors, and other high-tech organizations to U.S. industries for their use in developing new or improved products and processes. Volume two presents papers on the following topics: materials science, robotics, test and measurement, advanced manufacturing, artificial intelligence, biotechnology, electronics, and software engineering.
Topics: ANTENNA ARRAYS, MATHEMATICAL MODELS, COLLIMATION, MICROWAVE ANTENNAS, OPTICAL COMMUNICATION, PHASED...
NASA Technical Documents
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Various topics related to research and development activities applicable to their U.S. space program are discussed. Project management, automatic control technology, human resources, management information systems, computer aided design, systems engineering, and personnel management were among the topics covered.
Topics: AEROSPACE SYSTEMS, SQUARES (MATHEMATICS), ANALYSIS (MATHEMATICS), ESTIMATING, KALMAN FILTERS,...
NASA Technical Documents
by Tada, H. Y.; Carter, J. R., Jr
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Solar cell theory cells are manufactured, and how they are modeled mathematically is reviewed. The interaction of energetic charged particle radiation with solar cells is discussed in detail and the concept of 1 MeV equivalent electron fluence is introduced. The space radiation environment is described and methods of calculating equivalent fluences for the space environment are developed. A computer program was written to perform the equivalent fluence calculations and a FORTRAN listing of the...
Topics: DIGITAL COMPUTERS, GATES (CIRCUITS), RADIATION, ARRAYS, ELECTROLUMINESCENCE, PARALLEL COMPUTERS,...
NASA Technical Documents
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Failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA) is a bottom-up analytical process that identifies process hazards, which helps managers understand vulnerabilities of systems, as well as assess and mitigate risk. It is one of several engineering tools and techniques available to program and project managers aimed at increasing the likelihood of safe and successful NASA programs and missions. This bibliography references 465 documents in the NASA STI Database that contain the major concepts, failure...
Topics: COMBUSTION PHYSICS, DECOMPOSITION, OXIDATION, COMBUSTION EFFICIENCY, THRUST CHAMBERS, COMPUTATIONAL...
NASA Technical Documents
by Bement, Laurence J.; Multhaup, Herbert A
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This paper describes a new approach for evaluating mechanical performance and predicting the mechanical functional reliability of pyrotechnic devices. Not included are other possible failure modes, such as the initiation of the pyrotechnic energy source. The requirement of hundreds or thousands of consecutive, successful tests on identical components for reliability predictions, using the generally accepted go/no-go statistical approach routinely ignores physics of failure. The approach...
Topics: AERODYNAMIC LOADS, HARMONIC MOTION, UNSTEADY AERODYNAMICS, STAGNATION POINT, BUFFETING, WING ROCK,...
NASA Technical Documents
by Zhemchuzhin, N. A.; Levin, M. A.; Merkulov, I. A.; Naumov, V. I.; Pozhidayev, O. A.; Frolov, S. P.; Frolov, V. S
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An overview of Soviet development and accomplishments in aeronautics and astronautics is presented along an assessment of the technologies required for aircraft or rocket flight.
Topics: DENSITY MEASUREMENT, MICROBALANCES, SPACECRAFT CONTAMINATION, VAPOR DEPOSITION, BALLOON-BORNE...
This catalog lists 2311 citations of all NASA Special Publications, NASA Reference Publications, NASA Conference Publications, and NASA Technical Papers that were entered into the NASA scientific and technical database during the decade 1977 through 1986. The entries are grouped by subject category. Indexes of subject terms, personal authors, and NASA report numbers are provided.
Topics: ARCHITECTURE (COMPUTERS), COMPUTER GRAPHICS, COMPUTER PROGRAMS, COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION, DISPLAY...
NASA Technical Documents
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Manual control is discussed in terms of operator modeling, measurement of human response, mental workload, pilot/operator opinion, effects of motion, aircraft displays, supervisory control, automobile driving, and remote manipulation.
Topics: COMPUTER NETWORKS, COMPUTER SYSTEMS DESIGN, COMPUTER SYSTEMS PERFORMANCE, DATA CONVERSION ROUTINES,...
NASA Technical Documents
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The papers from this symposium, that was held at the NASA Lewis Research Center on April 3-4, 1990, are presented. The theme selected for the symposium was space travel for the next millennium. It was hoped that the participants would allow their focus to consider possible advances in technologies for space travel not just for currently envisioned projects, but for possibilities beyond the next generation and the next thousand years. About half of the contributed papers focussed on propulsion...
Topics: ATLAS CENTAUR LAUNCH VEHICLE, AEROELASTICITY, ANGLE OF ATTACK, DYNAMIC STABILITY, FLIGHT TESTS,...
NASA Technical Documents
by Wolverton, B. C
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The technology for using water hyacinth to upgrade domestic sewage effluent from lagoons and other wastewater treatment facilities to secondary and advanced secondary standards has been sufficiently developed to be used where the climate is warm year round. The technology of using emergent plants such as bulrush combined with duckweed is also sufficiently developed to make this a viable wastewater treatment alternative. This system is suited for both temperate and semi-tropical areas found...
Topics: INFORMATION DISSEMINATION, INFORMATION SYSTEMS, NASA PROGRAMS, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, COMPUTER...
NASA Technical Documents
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This document contains the proceedings of the 33nd annual NASA Aerospace Battery Workshop, hosted by the Marshall Space Flight Center on November 14-16, 2000. The workshop was attended by scientists and engineers from various agencies of the U.S. Government, aerospace contractors, and battery manufacturers, as well as international participation in like kind from a number of countries around the world. The subjects covered included nickel-hydrogen, lithium-ion, lithium-sulfur, and silver-zinc...
Topics: COATINGS, MANUFACTURING, OPTICAL MATERIALS, DIELECTRICS, MIRRORS, ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION, VACUUM...
Procedures used in determining the energy efficiency and economy of a gasoline-electric hybrid taxi, an electric passenger car, and an electric van are described. Tabular and graphic data show results of driving cycle and constant speed tests, energy distribution to various components, efficiency of the components, and, for the hybrid vehicle, the emissions.
Topics: AIRCRAFT ENGINES, ENERGY CONSERVATION, ENGINE DESIGN, TURBINE ENGINES, AIRCRAFT NOISE, COST...
NASA Technical Documents
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This book is an example of what may become the norm for history texts-an illustrated narrative accompanied by a CD-ROM. The text tells the story from the human side. It is based on reflections and quotes from the astronauts, cosmonauts, and team members who participated in the historic partnership. The main chapters give the perspectives of the seven U.S. astronauts living on Mir. The ''STS boxes'' share the Space Shuttle crews' experiences from the 11 Shuttle-Mir missions. The ''Meanwhile on...
Topics: PAYLOADS, INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION, MICROGRAVITY, DESTINY LABORATORY MODULE, SYSTEMS...
NASA Technical Documents
by Korneev, L. K.; Tsander, F. A
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Rocket technology and interplanetary flight - early 20th century papers
Topics: INTERPLANETARY FLIGHT, JET PROPULSION, ROCKET FLIGHT, INTERPLANETARY FLIGHT
NASA Technical Documents
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This document contains papers presented at the Dual-Use Space Technology Transfer Conference and Exhibition held at the Johnson Space Center February 1-3, 1994. Possible technology transfers covered during the conference were in the areas of information access; innovative microwave and optical applications; materials and structures; marketing and barriers; intelligent systems; human factors and habitation; communications and data systems; business process and technology transfer; software...
Topics: DESIGN ANALYSIS, SHEAR STRESS, TRANSVERSE LOADS, RAYLEIGH-RITZ METHOD, BOUNDARY CONDITIONS, CURVED...
NASA Technical Documents
by NON
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The Aerospace Mechanisms Symposium (AMS) provides a unique forum for those active in the design, production and use of aerospace mechanisms. A major focus is the reporting of problems and solutions associated with the development and flight certification of new mechanisms. Organized by the Mechanisms Education Association, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and Lockheed Martin Space Systems Company (LMSSC) share the responsibility for hosting the AMS. Now in its 38th symposium,...
Topics: ANTARCTIC REGIONS, OZONE DEPLETION, GREENHOUSE EFFECT, GAS TEMPERATURE, ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE,...
The AIAA/NASA Conference on Intelligent Robotics in Field, Factory, Service, and Space (CIRFFSS '94) was originally proposed because of the strong belief that America's problems of global economic competitiveness and job creation and preservations can partly be solved by the use of intelligent robotics, which are also required for human space exploration missions. Individual sessions addressed the following topics: (1) vision systems integration and architecture; (2) selective perception and...
Topics: COMPUTER NETWORKS, CENTRAL PROCESSING UNITS, RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, COMPUTER SYSTEMS DESIGN,...